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Bernhard Gunter Asst Professor Department of Economics

Contact
Send email to Bernhard Gunter
(202) 885-6074 (Office)
CAS - Economics
Kreeger - 118
Office Hours: Tuesdays and Fridays: 11:15 AM to 2:15 PM (in person); and by appointment (via Zoom)
Degrees
PhD, Economics (American University);
MA, Economics (Georgetown University);
Diplom-Volkswirt (Albert-Ludwigs University of Freiburg);
Intermediate Examination in Law ( University of Freiburg)

Languages Spoken
English, German, some Spanish and French
Bio
Dr. Gunter is an international scholar in development economics. His areas of expertise include development macroeconomics, debt sustainability analysis, and the social impact of globalization. He is also interested in analyzing poverty reduction policies, macroeconomic development strategies, and the economic challenges of climate change. His current research focuses on development issues of Bangladesh. His work has been published in several pre-eminent international journals, including World Development, Development Policy Review, and Third World Quarterly. He serves as the President of the Bangladesh Development Research Center (BDRC) and has continuing engagements with various international developmental organizations.
See Also
Global Majority E-Journal
Bangladesh Development Research Center (BDRC)
Economics Department
For the Media
To request an interview for a news story, call AU Communications at 202-885-5950 or submit a request.

Teaching

Spring 2022

  • ECON-110 The Global Majority

  • ECON-110 The Global Majority

  • ECON-642 Public Economics

Fall 2022

  • ECON-100 Macroeconomics

  • ECON-110 The Global Majority

  • ECON-397 Internship in Teaching

  • ECON-642 Public Economics

Partnerships & Affiliations

Scholarly, Creative & Professional Activities

Selected Publications

Articles in Refereed Journals

  • How Do Female Labor Force Participation Rates Change During Episodes of Globalization and Marginalization? Global Evidence from 1990 to 2019. The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Global Studies, Vol. 17, No. 1 (August 2021), pp. 1-12; open access at: doi:10.18848/2324-755X/CGP/v17i01/1-12 (with Bong Sun Seo and Farah Tasneem).
  • Three Decades of Globalisation: Which Countries Won, which Lost? The World Economy, Vol. 43, No. 4 (April 2020), pp. 1076–1102; open access at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/twec.12915 (with Britni Wilcher).
  • Concessional Financing for Development in Bangladesh. Journal of Bangladesh Studies, Vol. 20, No. 1 (published in October 2019), pp. 51–65 (with M. Faizul Islam and Farah Tasneem).
  • An Investigation of the Relationship between Money Growth and Stock Prices Using Bangladeshi Data. Journal of Bangladesh Studies, Vol. 15, No. 2 (2013/2014), pp. 33–39 (with A. F. M. Ataur Rahman).
  • Bangladesh and the Copenhagen Accord: How Much Carbon Dioxide Might Bangladesh Emit in 2050? Environmental Economics, Vol. 3, No. 1 (2012), pp. 58–73 (with A. Atiq Rahman).
  • Achieving the MDGs and Ensuring Debt Sustainability. Third World Quarterly, Vol. 32, No. 1 (2011), pp. 45–63.
  • Papermaking from Jute: A Win-Win Solution for Bangladesh. Journal of Bangladesh Studies, Vol. 12, No. 2 (2010), pp. 46–56 (with Md. Sarwar Jahan and A. F. M. Ataur Rahman).
  • Aid, Debt, and Development in Bangladesh: Synergies or Contradictions. Journal of Bangladesh Studies, Vol. 12, No. 1 (2010), pp. 23–43 (with A. F. M. Ataur Rahman and Jesmin Rahman).
  • Linking Social Development with the Capacity to Carry Debt: Towards an MDG-Consistent Debt Sustainability Concept. Development Policy Review, Vol. 27, No. 3 (May 2009), pp. 269-286 (with Jesmin Rahman and Haiyan Shi).
  • Robbing Peter to Pay Paul? Understanding Who Pays for Debt Relief. World Development, Vol. 36, No. 1 (January 2008), pp. 1-16 (with Jesmin Rahman and Quentin Wodon).
  • External Shocks and the HIPC Initiative: Impacts on Growth and Poverty in Africa. African Development Review, Vol. 17, No. 3 (December 2005), pp. 461-492 (with M. Nureldin Hussain).
  • Analyzing Macro-Poverty Linkages: An Overview. Development Policy Review, Vol. 23, No. 3 (May 2005), pp. 243-265 (with Marc J. Cohen and Hans Lofgren).
  •  Analyzing Macro-Poverty Linkages of External Liberalization: Gaps, Achievements, and Alternatives. Development Policy Review, Vol. 23, No. 3 (May 2005), pp. 285-298 (with Lance Taylor and Erinç Yeldan).
  • The Social Dimension of Globalization: A Review of the Literature. International Labour Review, Vol. 143, No. 1-2 (2004), pp. 7-43 (with Rolph van der Hoeven).
  • What’s Wrong with the HIPC Initiative and What’s Next? Development Policy Review, Vol. 20, No. 1 (March 2002), pp. 5-24.
  • Financial Crises and the Great Depression in Germany. Essays in Economic and Business History, Vol. 13 (1995), pp. 55-70.
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Books and Monographs

  • Financing for Development in Vietnam after International Development Association (IDA) Graduation (Principal author). London, United Kingdom: Oxfam Discussion Paper (October 2019); available at: https://oxfamilibrary.openrepository.com/bitstream/handle/10546/620879/dp-financing-development-vietnam-ida-graduation-251019-en.pdf.
  • Debt Dynamics and Development Finance in Africa (Lead author, together with Raphael Otieno). Geneva, Switzerland: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), 2016; available at: https://unctad.org/en/pages/PublicationWebflyer.aspx?publicationid=1567.
  • Climate Change and Bangladesh – Annotated Bibliography (with A. M. Kamal Uddin, Shamim Begum, Nasimul Haque, and Ralf Ernst), Dhaka: Comprehensive Disaster Management Program, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh; and Falls Church, VA: Bangladesh Development Research Center, 2008 (first and second editions) and 2009 (third and fourth editions).
  • Economic Development in Africa -- Debt Sustainability: Oasis or Mirage? (Lead author, together with Samuel Gayi and Phillip Cobbina). Geneva, Switzerland: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), 2004; available at: https://unctad.org/en/Docs/gdsafrica20041_en.pdf.   
  • World Trade: Toward Fair and Free Trade in the Twenty-first Century (edited with Jo Marie Griesgraber), London: Pluto Press, 1997.
  • The World's Monetary System: Toward Stability and Sustainability in the Twenty-first Century (edited with Jo Marie Griesgraber), London: Pluto Press, 1996.
  • The World Bank: Lending on a Global Scale (edited with Jo Marie Griesgraber), London: Pluto Press, 1996.
  • Development: New Paradigms and Principles for the Twenty-first Century (edited with Jo Marie Griesgraber), London: Pluto Press, 1996.
  • Promoting Development: Effective Global Institutions for the Twenty-first Century (edited with Jo Marie Griesgraber), London: Pluto Press, 1995.

Book Chapters

  • Do Patterns of Development and Macroeconomic Uncertainty Explain Bangladesh’s Savings and Investment Puzzle? (with Faisal Ahmed, A. F. M. Ataur Rahman and Jesmin Rahman). In: M. Faizul Islam, Rahim M. Quazi and Farida C. Khan (eds.) Money and Macroeconomics: Selected Topics from Bangladesh (Dhaka: University Press Ltd., 2017), pp. 97–124 (Chapter 6).
  • Relationship between Money Growth and Stock Prices in Bangladesh (with A. F. M. Ataur Rahman). In: M. Faizul Islam, Rahim M. Quazi and Farida C. Khan (eds.) Money and Macroeconomics: Selected Topics from Bangladesh (Dhaka: University Press Ltd., 2017), pp. 65–79 (Chapter 4).
  • Achieving the MDGs and Ensuring Debt Sustainability. In: Nana Poku and Jim Whitman (eds.) The Millennium Development Goals: Challenges, Prospects and Opportunities (London, New York: Routledge, 2016), Chapter 4.
  • Papermaking from Jute: A Win-Win Solution for Bangladesh (with M. Sarwar Jahan and A. F. M. Ataur Rahman). In: Munir Quddus and Farida C. Khan (eds.) Bangladesh Economy in the 21st Century: Selected Papers from the 2008-09 Conferences at Harvard University (Dhaka: University Press Ltd., 2011), pp. 85–103 (Chapter 4).
  • Aid, Debt, and Development in Bangladesh: Synergies or Contradictions (with A. F. M. Ataur Rahman and Jesmin Rahman). In: Munir Quddus and Farida C. Khan (eds.) Bangladesh Economy in the 21st Century: Selected Papers from the 2008-09 Conferences at Harvard University (Dhaka: University Press Ltd., 2011), pp. 227–259 (Chapter 10).
  • Assessing Individual and Spatial Vulnerabilities of Bangladesh’s Indigenous People to Climate Change (with A. Atiq Rahman, and A. F. M. Ataur Rahman). In: M. Feroze Ahmed, Farida Khan, Khondoker Mokaddem Hossain, Mohidul Haque Khan, Sharif Jamil and Md. Abdul Matin (eds.) Indigenous People and Bangladesh Environment (Dhaka: Bangladesh Poribesh Andolon (BAPA) & Bangladesh Environment Network (BEN), December 2008), pp. 151–167 (Chapter 13).
  • Analyzing Debt Sustainability: An Application of SimSIP Debt for Paraguay (with Quentin Wodon). In: Blanca Moreno-Dodson and Quentin Wodon (eds.) Public Finance for Poverty Reduction: Concepts and Case Studies from Africa and Latin America (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2008), pp. 165-188 (Chapter 6).
  • Analyzing Debt Sustainability: Concepts and Tools Applied for Guinea, Rwanda, and Senegal (with Quentin Wodon). In: Blanca Moreno-Dodson and Quentin Wodon (eds.) Public Finance for Poverty Reduction: Concepts and Case Studies from Africa and Latin America (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2008), pp. 311-344 (Chapter 10).
  • The Social Dimension of Globalization: A Review of the Literature (with Rolph van der Hoeven). In: John D. Daniels and Jeffrey A. Krug (eds.) International Business and Globalization, Volume I: The Growth, Consequences, and Future of Globalization (London and Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications Inc., 2007), pp. 101-135 (Chapter 6).
  • Achieving Debt Sustainability in Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPCs). In: Ariel Buira (ed.) Challenges to the World Bank and IMF: Developing Country Perspectives (London: Anthem Press, 2003), pp. 91-117 (Chapter 4).
  • Reforming the International Monetary System Towards a World Central Bank: A Summary of Proposals and Fallacies. In: Jo Marie Griesgraber and Bernhard G. Gunter (eds.), The World's Monetary System: Toward Stability and Sustainability in the Twenty-first Century, (London: Pluto Press, with Center of Concern, 1996), pp. 115-135 (Chapter 6).       

 

 

 

 

 

 

Honors, Awards, and Fellowships

  • International Award for Excellence (by Int. Journal of Interdisciplinary Global Studies), 2022
  • Recognition by AU Athletics Dept. for having made an impact on an AU athlete, 2018
  • Certificate of Appreciation (UNDP Bangladesh), 2008
  • Community Service Award (World Bank), 1997
  • Simon Naidel Prize (Economics Department, American University), 1996
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